Christmas Island Fly Fishing Tips, Packing List, and Advice

January 10, 2018

Everything You Need to Know About Fly Fishing on Christmas Island

We love Christmas Island.  The value, adventure, mystery, and experience is world famous.  Everywhere on the PLANET anglers are dreaming about fishing this spot right now.  We've been there many times, and accumulated a lot of knowledge in the process on flies, techniques, and tips for having a great trime.

Additional Resources for Planning a Trip to Christmas Island

About My First Trip to Christmas Island

Right now I'm the guy struggling to contain a huge smile in an Economy Class Flight on a Hawaiian Airlines flight inbound to Seattle, WA. I'm wedged between two heavy tourists with sharp elbows, so most people are probably wondering "what could that weirdo possibly be smiling about?"Must have just polished of a double scotch. My smile is weary, but satisfied, and I am truly overwhelmed by an amazing week of fly fishing. No scotch required to keep me smiling.


I am motivated to write this article, it turned into a long article, because I truly believe it will be one of the most useful pieces ever written on fishing strategies and preparing for a great trip to Christmas Island. It didn't start out that way but I sincerely want you to have the best possible experience on your trip to Christmas Island. This means providing some tactical fishing advice in addition to inspiration, which is easy after you see the pictures. Red's personally hosts a couple of trips here each year, so please visit our website or call us to find out more information about booking through us. We sincerely hope you join one of our crews. There isn't a bad month to fish Christmas Island, since it is only about 130 miles from the Equator the weather is mild year round.

The flats fishing is all done on foot with a 1:1 guide ratio, at least on Red's trips, and you will use either boats or trucks to access various portions of the island. If you fish by truck you might fish the exposed coastal side of the island near the shipwrecks, or you might venture into the "backcountry" which is a beautiful labyrinth of flats and lagoons. I personally enjoyed truck fishing as much as the using the boats. The guides and staff are great, they don't speak fluent English but their warm smile more than compensates for any language barrier you might encounter. They speak their own local dialect and they won't be offended if you accidentally start speaking Spanish like I constantly did. The lodge manager and head guide both speak great English and you will enjoy getting to know them better over the course of your week. They custom tailor the fishing schedule every night based on tides, species, and angler preferences. They do a great job and I actually learned a lot about outfitting for our trips back here at our lodges.

Preparing for a Christmas Island Fly Fishing Trip

Preparing for this trip was a tough task. There are so many species, choices, and options for fishing that coming up with quality and concise intel was tough. I spent hours browsing the net, watching amateur Youtube videos, reading blogs, and calling all my friends in the fly fishing business that had done this trip. I wanted to get myself and my group as prepared as possible. Gotta catch fish.

Getting there - . To get there from the US we hopped a plan to Honolulu, stayed the night and then flew 1200 miles south to Christmas Island. Its official name is Kiritimati, pronounced Christmas, and it is part of the Republic of Kiribati, pronounced Kiribass. The Australian dollar is the official currency, but US dollars are always accepted. There is only one flight per week that lands there, employees of the airport work a rigid 1 day on 6 off schedule. Rough life. You need to be in Hawaii the day before so that there is no chance of a mis-hap. If you miss the flight out of Honolulu you miss your trip. I suppose if you have a private jet that isn't an issue. If you have a private jet call me!

The overnight layover in Honolulu was filled with excitement. The group spent the evening together walking the strip in Waikiki and we had dinner at Chuck's Steak house watching the waves crash the beach and newbies attempting to surf.

Departure on Fiji Airways was smooth, the flight is a well appointed Boeing jet and the staff on board is awesome. They did a great job of spreading islander culture and cheer before arrival. We landed at Cassidy "International Airport at" about 3:30 pm local time. We got through customs which are composed of friendly locals and they stamp your passport, sell you a fishing license, and make your arrival smooth. Maybe all airline staff should work 1 day on 6 off and it would be more fun to fly.

We were then met by a driver and they promptly loaded our gear into trucks and away we went. We rode in open air pickups designed for two things. Picking up fly fisherman at the airport and taking fly fisherman fishing. They are very good at both. A few minutes later we rolled into the resort for a wonderful greeting from their lodge manager and staff. He gave us the rundown on fishing schedules, booze tabs, room assignments, and a great welcome concert. The local girls sang us a traditional welcome song to bless us with happy times and good fishing. I love this place already.

That night the head guide and I had a quick meeting, chatted fishing and I conveyed the desires of the anglers to their guide staff. The guide assignments were posted that night with a 5:30 am start time. They wanted to be a on a few particular flats at sunrise to hit the tides right for some good Bonefish fishing. One of the clients landed 65 Bonefish that day. No joke! Lots of fun stuff happened on day one and my head was spinning at all the fish.

The next several days were very educational. I will make a disclaimer here and say that all of the fishing advice you will find below is not just coming from me, I practically interrogated every guide I fished with! We want to have the best intel possible for our future groups. The majority of what I will teach you here came directly from the most experienced flats guides the world has ever known. The islander culture isn't one to boast, big talk, or brag. They don't have even have Facebook haha. Seriously though, you do need to ask questions to get them talking. I got them to open up and teach.

I'll give you a quick play by play on some things that I learned. Blue Fin Trevally might be the most beautiful fish on earth. Trigger Fish will tempt, taunt, and torment you begging for you to cast at them - but are very hard to catch. You can't hardly strip fast enough for Blue Fin Trevally. Not all Giant Trevally are giants. The small ones might be the best trophy this trip has to offer. They are aggressive, fun, and fairly abundant. 12 pound test Fluorocarbon isn't nearly enough for these Bonefish if they are near a coral ledge. Your flats boots had better be comfortable. There are fish that you have never even heard of that you will catch and fall in love with. Good knots are critical. Bring an extra 12 weight fly line. DO NOT try to wind your own backing on a fly reel, or have anyone less than a true pro staffer do this. An 8, 10, and 12 weight rod arsenal is the right combo. Better casters catch more fish. Learn to hold your extra stripping fly line in a way that is organized and won't hang up in the coral. There are a ton of other quick hitters but it might be best to go through it by species by species so let's roll.

General Tips on How to Make the Most out of Your Christmas Island Trip

This is a wonderful trip and in addition to fishing hard be sure to take some time to relax. Certain elements will be outside your control and handling those situations appropriately will enhance your experience. If it is cloudy and the weather isn't perfect, don't sweat it. Let your guard down, relax, and take this "down time" to have your guide teach you more about casting and presenting flies. Don't skimp on gear preparation. Running low on tippet, not having the right flies, leaders, or rods that you like shouldn't take away from this trip. Get the right stuff and remember, it is an investment and not an expense. Be absolutely sure to put in some "range time" in before you go and practice your casting. Get some good lessons

Photo Tips for Flats Fishing

  • Teach your guide how to use your camera and where it is. I love to take video as well, the guides are delighted to help you get great photos and videos.
  • Bring a dry towel to wipe off your camera, especially if it is humid or rainy.
  • Bring a lens cloth AND pre-moistened lens wipes to clean the saltwater off any buttons
  • Take more photos, but put some thought into each one of them
  • Get close to the fish
  • Get your camera low to the water when taking fish pictures
  • Focus on the eye of the fish
  • Keep your camera handy, I carry a small point and shoot and a heavy SLR. My favorites often come from the point and shoot in my pocket.

Christmas Island Bonefish Tips


Ok, so this is no secret but Christmas Island is the best Bonefish destination in the Pacific Ocean. What does that mean? How about a place here you to walk on firm ground, and stalk Bonefish on foot like a hunter stalks his prey. That is my kind of fishing. The Bonefish get to 12+ pounds and 5 pound fish are common. More good news - the flats are LOADED with 2-4 pound Bonefish. I fished "Orvis Flat" the final afternoon of the trip and it was epic. I had only been there about 30 years ago I could have named it "Red's Flat". I got pretty distracted trying to get a big Giant Trevally, aka GT, and my only regret on the trip wasn't spending more time on the shallow flats hunting individual Bonefish. I landed my largest Bonefish ever, about 8 pounds on this trip and it was everything a fisherman could ever ask for. Bonefish are awesome as long as you like silently stalking through shin deep water hunting prey with a small fly and a floating line. Yeee haa, Bonefisherman rejoice! Here are some of the quick hitters that I learned about Bonefish on this past trip.









  • Bonefish are my favorite flats species.
  • Take time to fish alone without the aid of your guide. Just ask your guide to let you tip-toe ahead and try to spot the fish and make the catch independently without their help. This has helped my Bonefish skill immensely! Sure you don't catch as many but it is very rewarding and my eyes get much better every time I do it.
  • The guides wanted heavier tippet than we had, even 20 pound test in the areas with coral.
  • 12 pound Fluorocarbon tippet is great for the sandy flats, but 16 pound test is good for the coral, but bring a spool of 20 for misc Bonefish/Trevally work (the two species swim side by side at times)
  • Bring a big fly selection. I fished with 6 different guides that week and I talked flies with every one of them. We personally want our groups well prepared for success and got a lot of first hand intel from the guys on the ground. Various weights and types are crucial
  • Bring a set of Amber or light colored sunglass lenses. Two pairs of shades, one copper and one amber will really help you spot fish.
  • You will lose a lot of flies to fish that run across sharp coral
  • Try to spot the fish BEFORE you cast, don't let your guide hurry you too much. If you see the fish you will have a much better chance of catching it.
  • Ask your guide to take you to a good "sight casting" spot at least one day. You can catch loads of fish blind casting but there is nothing like spot ?n stalk hunting in the shallows
  • Have your guide pack extra rods, I like to bring a 10 weight for Blue Fin Trevally while walking for Bonefish. The 12 weight is overkill if you are in shallow flats, but if you are near a ledge bring both the 10 and 12 weight.
  • Take pictures and video. Time spent Bonefishing should be relaxing and low pressure.
  • Rod wise - I prefer an 8 weight. You can Bonefish with a 6-7 but there are so many bigger fish prowling around that it just make sense to have the 8. Plus they cast better in the wind.  Plus 7 weights are fragile compared to an 8.
  • Ask your guide lots of questions. By nature, the guides here won't babble and talk at you. Don't mistake this for not wanting to share or teach. Ask them to demonstrate how fast to strip, how to cast, how to set the hook, and even spot fish. Just remember, you may have to ask. They love to share but they don't want to badger you. That is an annoying way to guide and teach and they know it.
  • If you fish the open water accessible only by trucks, super heavy flies are essential. There is so much tidal current that a bead chain eye fly (preferred in shallow flats) simply won't work well here.

Giant Trevally Tips for Christmas Island


First, my ethical disclaimer should hopefully clear me from sounding like a jerk. Please don't mistake this article for some self righteous rant on how you should fish for GT's. Fish the way you like and don't let anyone else affect what you choose to do. My personal goal was to catch a mature GT stalking the flats "fair chase" style. I had a dream in my mind as to how this would all play out, and I wouldn't settle for any technique that might cheapen the deal. There are many different ways to target "big GT" including trolling, teasing, and chumming. Over the past decade some of the guides here have found chumming to be very successful for Giant Trevally. It works quite well and we took a group to Christmas Island last year and they had a great time doing it. Super fun and lots of big GT's were caught that week. This time however, we chose to fish with a lodge doesn't even make that an option. Nothing against the other program or any angler that chooses to chum, but this is what we decided to do. You can also troll flies for GT's, have your guide cast hookless plugs to locate the fish, and some of the guys on our trip opted to throw conventional spinning gear to cover more water. Each to their own. Blind casting a 12 weight for GT's is tough duty so I don't blame them. I did tons of it and caught a lot of small to mid-sized GT's but my favorite strategy is spot ?n stalk.

I stuck to the fair chase program with a fly and discovered quickly that these fish are tough to catch, semi-rare, and very special. You will see LOTS of pics of big GT's of course, we love to show them off, but they are not something you will catch every day on this trip. Just getting to cast at an 80 pound fish in thigh deep water is one of the biggest surges of adrenaline the angler will ever have! I spent days on the flats chatting with all the guides and here are some of the discoveries that I made that will hopefully help you be more successful. I was able to land two big ones, hook a couple of others, and had enough shots to teach the next group a few things. Primarily though, I listened. If you inquire and let the Kiritimati guides talk, they will teach you decades of fly fishing wisdom so I hung on their every word. Most Americans talk too much and listen too little, those that know me are laughing right now because I just described myself. I didn't make that mistake on this trip. I listened, in fact, I wrote most of it down so that you have an outstanding Christmas Island trip.

The GT Sterotype.... "Pac Man on Crack"

Yes, GT's are brutal shameless thugs of the flats that are flat out SCARY when they push their prey up onto the shallow flats. They will eat anything that fits in their mouths... and some stuff that doesn't. I describe them as "Pac Man on Crack". They will eat, attack, and gobble up everything in their path. They are smarter than folks give them credit for though! I had numerous fish refuse and just be "aware" that something wasn't quite right. Maybe it was my retrieve, or maybe the fly didn't sound quite right? Not sure, but they will swarm your fly and not eat at times. The fish in the video below should give you an idea of their speed and ferocity.

Tips for Fly Fishing Giant Trevally, aka GT's

  • There are lots of small to mid-sized GT's that are great sport nobody ever talks about. The 5-10 pound fish on a 10 weight are great fun.
  • Big fish, 30 pounds plus, are not an everyday trophy. Be patient
  • Big GT's are old, smart, and most of them have seen flies thrown at them on the flats.
  • Do not carry anything less than a 12 weight if you hope to land a fish over 40 pounds.
  • You need to be quick on the draw, these fish don't hang around. You had better be able to make a very quick and accurate cast that lands clean with little to no slack.
  • They are a brutal, aggressive, and angry fish when they attack but - . They are smart and have seen flies. You can spook them, they can be tippet shy, and nobody gives them credit for this.
  • The fish will often come close but since they follow you need to cast far enough for them to follow the fly 20 feet and not see you standing there. A quick 50' cast is about right.
  • Get DOWN LOW! If the fish is following and is going to be close crouch as low as you can. I missed an 80 pound type fish that was opening up to eat my fly because I let him get too close., as he was opening his mouth he saw me and flared. The guide told me if I had crouched down super low (head near the water) it was a done deal. I'll be reliving that one for a while. DOHHH!
  • One of our guys lost 2 fly lines, bring extras. He was trolling flies and hooked big GT's that spooled him.
  • Put your time in, don't come to Christmas Island expecting to catch a bunch of whopper GT's. I got my dream fish on the last day because I stuck to the program and got my shot - it all worked out.
  • Learn to hold line coils in your hand so that your line is ready and organized to cast any second. You can't simply drag the fly line along behind you. There is too much coral and if anything goes wrong you will lose your opportunity. I posted a video of this, scan our Youtube Channel before you go.
  • Practice with your 12 weight. Early in the week I had a tough time getting the tempo of the rod and line but by the end of the week I could put the fly on a paper plate at 80'. Ok, that is slight BS but I did a lot of blind casting and having a 12 weight rod/line that you enjoy casting is key. It is kind of fun casting the big rod and learn to double haul before you go. Putting a quick 50' cast in front of a cruising fish shouldn't take more than 2 false casts. Max.
  • Blind casting. I did a ton of blind casting and caught small to mid-sized fish. It is good to do when its cloudy but after quizzing all the guides all week if you are hunting for a big fish it is better to have your line coiled and ready.
  • Bring good Poppers that cast well. For blind casting Poppers rule. For site casting a baitfish pattern is better. We sell all these flies, just let us know if you want a custom assortment.
  • I like to start with 10' of 80 lb. test, but have landed some great fish on 60 lb. as well.  Many folks like to have shorter leaders, but this tippet is as stiff as your fly line, so I haven't experienced problems with leader turnover. Longer is better, it just makes getting some momentum started in your cast a bit more difficult.  Short leaders roll cast and get you moving faster.
  • WF12F shooting heads hit the water pretty hard. Please practice your casting.  GT's can be very spooky.
  • Don't panic. You will panic, but at least now I can say that I told you not to panic. I didn't see a truly big GT prowling the flats until Day 4 and I was a spaz. I thought I had seen some nice ones but the first 80 pounder type that you see will change your life.
  • Larger fish typically prefer a very long but not super aggressive strip. Smaller fish love the fast strip just an FYI, all the guides confirmed this. Blue Trevally like fast, big GT - medium fast.
  • Fish the way you like to fish. Don't let me or anyone else prevent you from trolling, chumming, or casting plugs. I will say however, hunting them with a fly in shallow water is probably the most awesome fly fishing experience I have ever had. We genuinely want our guests to experience the same level of "highs" and reward that we get while fly fishing. Because of this, we'll teach you everything we can and help prepare you to fish the way we do.
  • Last tip, don't cry. Not everyone will get a big GT but you will get shots. Make the most of them and you will be successful. If not, that is ok too. This is a special trophy and there are so many other incredible species to pursue that you'll be content.

Blue Fin Trevally, and SGT's, "Small Giant Trevally"

These fish might be the best species on the trip. I had no idea what to expect here as not enough people write, photograph, or talk to you about the smaller species of Trevally. The Blue Fin are amazing and relatively abundant. They behave differently than GT's. They like smaller flies, they have better vision, cruise a bit faster, and might be the prettiest fish on the flats. The younger GT's are a great trophy as well. They swarm and attack flies like a pack of starving wolves and it is incredible to watch! You will get a lot of action on these fish and I spent a lot of time pursuing smaller Trevally. What will often happen is you will be walking a flat, maybe with Bonefish in mind or GT's and pretty soon you will start seeing Blue Fins cruising by or SGT's and you simply have to cast at them! They will eat a Bonefish fly but it is much better to have a smaller baitfish pattern ready on a 9-10 weight. The 12 should be setup with a larger fly and heavier leader at all times. The best setup for the Blue Fin and the SGT's is 40 pound Fluorocarbon. I experienced a huge difference in how the fish reacted to 40 pound leader vs. 100 pound. Apparently the Blue Fin have much better close up vision than GT's according to the guides. I saw it first hand, which on a different subject if the Blue Fins were leader sensitive the big GT's might be more leader shy than we think. Just a thought, but you need leader that will allow you to land the fish. Coral shreds leaders when fighting GT's. Anyhow, the perfect setup is a smooth casting 9-10 weight with a WF Floating Tropical fly line. Set this up with a 6-9' of straight 40 pound Flurocarbon and that will be your small Trevally killer. Blue Fins get up to about 20 pounds and make an awesome trophy. Blue Fins are also easier for me to see than the other fish so it was fun being able to see them and take shots at them.

Tips for Blue Fin Trevally and Small GT's

  • Strip fast
  • Single handed strip seems to work great, don't worry about a 2 handed strip
  • Blind casting works quite well on the ledges, ask your guide about this if it is cloudy
  • A dedicated rod for this is a wise move, 9-10 weight
  • Make sure your backing knots are very strong, a 15 - 20 pound Trevally will make your 10 weight feel weak
  • Don't let ego get in the way of enjoying fishing GT's, the small GT's are great fun and you should relish the experience
  • Bring small Poppers that are durable, these fish will destroy foam poppers. I wore my Poppers out after 3 days and wish I had brought more.

Bluewater Fly Fishing on Christmas Island

There are so many species to catch here. Let me give you a quick rundown on what to expect. There are Black Trevally (which is a common term for a dark colored GT, Red Bass (large!), Wahoo, Yellow Tail Tuna, Sailfish, Barracuda, Bonita, Skipjack, Snapper, and probably about 40 more that I either didn't catch or can't recall right now. I personally didn't do the bluewater trip as I went specifically to fish the flats, but I listened intently every night from the guys that did go and have listened to many testimonies over the years so here is my take. I actually LOVE the fact that the rest of the group went trolling because we had fresh sushi every night. The lodge will prep your fish as a fresh appetizer and it awesome! Raw fish anyone?

The Bluewater is primarily a trolling game although you can cast plugs with spinning rods as teasers to bring fish up and then throw your fly at them. You will need to bring your own spinning rods/plugs to do this, the guides won't have anything. Our group went right for the meat haul every day and trolled the entire time and had a ton of fun. This was a big trip for them and they brought both flies and conventional tackle. Frankly, tackle is a good idea here as you might be hooking 10' Sailfish, Marlin, or Yellow Tail that a 14 weight wouldn't even handle. They guys lost two 12 weight fly lines trolling with fly rods out there. Regarding conventional tackle you will be better served reading other blogs about that but I'll tell you what I know.

Tips for Bluewater Fly Fishing in Christmas Island

  • Bring 100+ pound test saltwater swivels. Trolling fast will twist up your fly line
  • Bring NON BRAIDED steel wire. 70# test works fine for anything you might hook with a 12 weight rod.
  • A 30' Shooting head sink tip (T-14 or T-17) will help keep your fly just under the surface while trolling fast. If it skips too much on the surface the birds will pick it up or you will miss strikes. Rio makes the perfect product and it has loops on both ends. Super easy to rig up
  • Don't even think about using anything less than a 12 weight
  • Consider bringing a heavy level wind reel and conventional rod, for specifics I respectfully encourage you to read another blog
  • Bring gloves, every fish worth catching has something sharp on it
  • Bring spare fly lines, enough said
  • Have a pro tie your backing to fly line, backing should be 50 pound or more and LOTS of it
  • Good reels make all the difference, I won't mention the bad brands but if you stick with high end like Hatch, or the top end Sage Reels, Tibor, or Abel you will be in good shape. We have been surprised what we have seen come back into the shop because it simply wouldn't slow down the fish.

The Rodney Dangerfield Fish of Christmas Island, "They get no respect!"

There are a pile of fish that simply don't the love that the Bonefish and GT's do. Let me name a few of the species that I caught in this category. Trigger Fish, Deskey Trevally, Queen Fish, baby GT's, Parrot Fish, Grouper, Snapper, Puffer Fish, Black Tip Sharks, Sweet Lips, Golden Trevally, Milk Fish, Striped Trevally, and likely a few others. I am convinced that without all these other "X Factor" fish that Christmas Island would be just another 8th grade Geography question on a photocopied ditto. We caught a lot of different fish especially the day we used trucks to access the open water side. It was cool fishing for Bonefish on flats where you have 10' breaking waves 100 yards away and a flat with crystal clear water and some small waves. It was really fun. In addition to a unique experience we caught a variety of fish that don't typically see on the sandy flats in the lagoons.

More General Advice for Christmas Island Fly Fishing

  • Have some fun casting at anything that swims
  • The more fish you hook, the more likely a GT will here the action and come cruising up on your flat. Some of the guides will throw your Bonefish rod while walking for GT and hook anything that makes a splash. This attracts the Trevally at times. If you would like to be the guy hooking fish, ask your guide to be ready with your 12 weight and GT fly ready to throw. We saw an estimated 70+ pound GT eat a 6 pound Bonefish off the end of our line. It was unreal. Had the GT missed the Bone we might have got it on the 12 weight!
  • Use these species to help you practice species identification, I got really good at spotting Puffer fish haha, the joke is that they aren't spooky and easy to see. They don't take flies very well and figuring out how to identify Puffer Fish from a distance will help you stop looking at it and move your eyes towards trying to find some Bonefish.
  • Trigger Fish can be upwards of 10-15 pounds and you will LOVE seeing them tailing in the coral. They like to eat crab patterns and you will need 20 pound test if you hope to land them. They dive into a hole in the coral often break your line
  • Black Tip Sharks are all over, don' t be scared but they are fun to cast at. Strip very slowly and if you are not above using a chunk of fish on your fly you can have a great time hooking these fish. It is a fun way to mix up a slow day on the flats. We saw hundreds of them in shallow water and some were up to about 8' long. Braided wire leader like you would use for Barracuda is nice to have, or 100 pound test bite tippet.
  • Queen Fish hit hard, jump, and fight like crazy. You can get a lot of these blind casting over the ledges with mid-sized baitfish patterns.

Fly Rods, Reels, and Fly Lines for Christmas Island

I spend dozens of hours reading articles on Christmas Island and never good great advice here regarding rods. I was able to pack 5 rods with me on the plane, and 2 were backup rods for my group. As the group leader I am also the "backup weapons guy" so my personal gear is in mortal danger. Watch out for the ceiling fan!

My personal weaponry was an 8, 10, and 12 weight and they worked perfect for me. I would carry the same rods again. The guide carried two rods for me every time we got out of the boat. If were fishing GT, I held, carried, and casted the 12 weight while he carried the 8 and 10. If we were seeing a lot of Blue Fin Trevally or small GT's then I fished my 10 weight, which is also capable of landing GT's up to about 35 pounds or so but it will like shred your fly line in the process. The further they run the great amount of coral they drag that line across. I can't imagine trying to effectively fight a 50+ pounder on a 10 weight.

12 Weight Rods - I put some some serious coin into my 12 because I wanted the absolute best chance at connecting with a big GT. Many consumers buy "value rods" and then complain about how awful they are to cast. Well, you get what you pay for right? I currently carry the Sage SALT HD 1290-4 because that is the rod that I can make the fastest and most accurate cast with. This is what worked for me. More important than the particular model though is that you practice, practice, and practice. You need to get strong with your #12 so that you can make good casts when it counts and do enough blind casting to generate some action when things are slow. My backup rod was a Sage MOTIVE and it was a bit smoother casting, but I didn't get the tight fast loops that I wanted. 

Any edge that I can get I am taking it. I could write an entire blog post about casting 12 weight rods but I will say that you need to get your line hand involved and learn to double haul. Most of your power should come out of your left hand (if you are right handed) otherwise you will die from fatigue and you won't make that demanding 60' on demand when your moment of truth arrives. Good by Trevally, nice knowing for all of about 30 seconds. If you plan to troll a lot or use the rod for big Tarpon then think about a Saltwater specific rod for the durability. When fish run under the boat they break rods. Saltwater specific rods can lack a bit in casting precision, but the strength is nice tradeoff. You might consider a Sage SALT HD, Sage MOTIVE, or the Redington Predator. The Redington has a fighting handle on it and the guys that fished bluewater really appreciated having that the there.

I was mixed about fly lines but I took some good advice from a mentor of mine. He has been fishing there since the 1980's and said that a short shooting head is what you want. A quick shot with only 2 false casts is key. Often the fish will be coming right towards you and if you don't get that fly to 50' + feet quick by the time you strip and follow they will be on top of you and spook. This happened to me a couple of times and to a few other guys a lot. A relatively long quick cast is crucial. I went with the RIO Tropical Outbound Short, the RIO Tarpon Short is the same line but different box. The head was a little heavy for me so don't even think about over-lining your rod. For a 12, get a 12. I could probably use an 11 or even 10 on my 12 - no joke. This line has plenty of mass to get your motor revved up fast.

When we spool 12 weight reels at Red's we take great care in winding the backing, which we prefer 68# Hatch Backing. It isn't cheap but it is super strong and ties up well. Have only an experienced pro spool your reel! If it isn't wound tight you will have serious issues. With the amount of drag tension that you will have with GT's the backing will cut into itself and create tangles and seize. It is ugly! This is a great way to lose a fly line, maybe if I wasn't giving you this advice we would sell more fly lines.

The backing to fly line knot is very important and there are several approaches here. Personally, I like a Double Bemini Loop in the backing. Most folks can't tie a double Bemini Loop, but I have strength tested a Quintuple Surgeoun's Knot and it will work in a jam. I actually prefer the Quintuple Surgeons Knot to an Albrght Knot. Just my opinion, if you want to argue put it in the subject line of an e-mail so I can delete before I open it. On the fly line end, most new lines come with a welded loop. I reinforce this with an 8 wrap nail knot with mono and some Knot Sense or a dab of super glue. This connection is very strong and should serve you well. I saw a 12 weight line break in half and the Quintuple Surgeon's Loop held FYI. You will hear of folks losing many 12 weight lines, this is often because the line becomes so tangled in coral you are essentially breaking it against rock, not a fish.

10 Weight Rods - This is your utility stick. I really like a smooth casting 10 weight as it is a nice break from the 12 weight. A few of us have really fallen in love with the Sage SALT HD 1090-4. It is so easy to cast and still throws very tight loops. The Sage MOTIVE is a good alternative if you are going to use it boat fishing for Tarpon as it is also built tough, and there are lots of choices here but this particular rod is a dream to throw. If I lost mine tomorrow I would buy it again. I used mine a ton for mid-sized Trevally, Queen Fish, and Misc. other species. I ran 8' of 60# Fluorocarbon but will run 40# next time, the Blue Fin were picky in direct sun and I had shots at 15 pound fish that would have been trophies. I personally like the 1090-4 Redington Predator for a budget rod, hate to say that word but that rod is a good fish fighting tool and a darn good casting tool. Regarding that, it is very tough to find a good casting 1090-4 rod unless you are willing to pay for it so the high end rods are what I'm packing. I love a good fly cast. 

Regarding fly lines, I like a bit longer head on my 1090-4 because I might use it to sight cast to Permit or Tarpon. Longer heads are smoother, more accurate, and for me they are much more enjoyable to blind cast. In addition, if your 8 weight blows up and you wind up fishing with your 10 weight for Bonefish at least you have a line that works. Shooting heads and Bonefish don't jive. Well the Bonefish jive but they do it while swimming 70 mph hour across the flat scared to death when your fly line hits the water. I personally like the RIO Flats Pro WF10F or WF10F/I on my 10 weight. I don't love the RIO Outbound Short on my #10. It is very enjoyable to cast and the flies that I am casting aren't that big anyway. This line handles it great. For your backing, 68# Hatch Backing is the right choice. If you put your fly in the water near GT's in Christmas Island you had better be playing to win. Same connection advice, loop to loop. Double Bemini if you can, in a pinch the Quintuple Surgeon's will work.

8 Weight Rods - This will be your Bonefish sniper stick and used for about 15 other kinds of fish. This rod should be set up with a 10# 10' leader and shrimp pattern. You will cast this to Bonefish but you will catch various small Trevally, Queen Fish, Trigger Fish, and others. Many fish eat shrimp so this rod will sort of do it all. You'll cast your 8 weight opportunistically at GT's up to 10-15 pounds out of shear necessity, they come onto the flat fast, and in addition the phantom Golden Trevally prefer shrimp. Should you be lucky enough to catch a Golden, it will likely be done on your Bonefish rod.

You can get away with a 6-7 weight for the Bonefish but I prefer an 8. I've seen enough large fish swim by to know that I have to have gear that will allow me to win most of the time. 8 weights cast great and I was very happy with my choice. For this trip I wanted durability so I took a Sage MOTIVE 890-4 which is a Saltwater specific rod. Meaning it is tough and will pick up a weighted fly fast. What it lacks in roll casting and mending finesse it makes up for in its ability to throw a long straight cast in the wind. There are lots of great 8 weights, but I have seen too many rods break to not want quality here. You will spend more time with your 8 weight in your hand than any other rod. The Sage Xi3 is really the best choice but I had to buy a new 1290-4 Sage ONE so my budget was shot haha!

The fly line I currently like for my 890-4 is the RIO Flats Pro WF8F line, but nothing beats the RIO Bonefish line for shallow water sight casting. It sets down soft. If you are newer to fly fishing and struggle to make good casts quickly then the RIO Bonefish Quickshooter is your line. It is mild shooting head that loads easy. Novice to Intermediate anglers LOVE this line and catch more fish because of it. You won't be making delicate 80' deliveries but it will play ball for 90% of the situations.

Again, use the same connection for the backing to fly line as described above. You don't need to reinforce the welded loop and 30# backing is more than adequate.

Sunglasses and Advice for Seeing the Fish on the Flats

I would say that I can spot fish pretty darn well for a gringo, which might not be saying much but I do ok. I am fortunate though as I get to guide here in the states for a living so I have a leg up on the average angler. I am still very reliant on the guide, and humiliated at times, "where is the fish I can't see it!", but the better I can spot fish the better our overall team is. How do the guides see fish like that? Well it simple. They have looked at HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS of Bonefish and other species. You too would become well adapted if you guided for a year, let alone a decade like many of the guides here. Hundreds of thousands - maybe more.

When I see the fish myself I am much more effective at placing the fly on the correct side of the fish and generating the hook-up. How well you can see the fish has a HUGE impact on your success . Plus the guide can't look everywhere at once. They get tired and miss a few once in a while. Some of my best trophies happened because I diligently scanned for fish rather than simply waiting for the guide to speak and point. We want you to be as successful as possible and a big part, maybe the biggest part, is learning to see fish better. Here are some quick hitters and tips to help you see the fish more effectively.

Tips for Spotting Fish While Flats Fishing

  • Change sunglasses, Amber from 7 am till noonish and then a Polarchromatic Copper or Brown lens in the direct light. Then back to Amber in the afternoon or with cloud cover.
  • Use your Buff, pull it tight around your glasses to prevent backlight from reflecting off the back of the lens
  • Stop walking. Stop talking too while you're at it. Seriously though, stop moving and wait very few steps. Fish in saltwater are almost always moving. If you are moving this makes them more difficult to see.
  • Tilt your head if you see something that looks like a fish but are unsure. Depending on the angle of the light your glasses might be picking up extra glare. Get the angle of your glasses working perfect against the glare and it might give up the fishes position
  • Look for tails or anything on the surface, Trigger Fish do lots of tailing, Golden Trevally will tail, and Bonefish will tail in shallow water.
  • Look for nervous water. If there is a slight chop on the water's surface, which there usually is, then look for water pushing against the waves. Just like current in a river the fish is an obstacle and will block that slight current in shallow water. This is very helpful when visibility is poor
  • Try to learn the "tells" of the various species. Milk fish are tough to catch, being able to tell the difference between a Milkfish, small Trevally, and Bonefish is very important! Ask your guide lots of questions. Milk fish swim higher in the water column and are generally cruising faster, and are rarely alone. All species have "tells". This will let you know how fast to strip, what rod to use, and whether it is even worth getting distracted over.
  • In poor light, slow down. Don't press your guide. If you walk fast, they will walk fast. Ask them to set the pace. Somewhere between a snail's pace and an overweight snail's pace is about right. Once fish spook they often leave the flat altogether.

General Gear Management and Packing Tips

This island is a long ways from anywhere so be prepared! If you are on a hosted with us we'll have some backup rods and flies but anglers on these trips need to be self contained. After a week here I think I got this honed down pretty well. Bring a small waterproof backpack and go "light and tight" on the boats everyday. I brought a "boat bag" on the boat every day and big hip pack and all it was good for was getting in the way, getting dirty, and it was just one more thing to expose to saltwater and wash at the end of the day. Total waste of time. You will be wade fishing for hours at a time without access to the boat, so you will need enough gear to keep you mobile. Extra water, food, and a rod can go on the boat. Light and tight.


  • Bring a waterproof backpack (my preferred bag)
  • Your hip pack or backpack must be waterproof!
  • Waterproof cameras are very nice, your hands will have saltwater all over them which cameras don't handle well. A small waterproof camera can be washed off.
  • Rods, a couple of reels, and a few flies should go in your carry on luggage. I will be getting a carry on rod/reel case like the Fishpond Dakota Rod/Reel case for my next trip. It makes airport management super simple and will be my one and only carry on. You will be digging your passport and boarding passes out of your pockets at least 8000 times so simple carry ons are good. I packed too much on the plane last time.

Traveler's Diarrhea 

What a shitty topic.  All the lodges on Christmas Island have battled some type of food born illness issue in the past.  They use reverse osmosis ultra-violet water filters at most lodges and regularly test the water.  Salads/ dishes etc are washed in that water.  They take this responsibility very seriously and have put many stop measures in place to prevent anyone getting sick.  I haven't been sick there yet, but I got hit pretty hard in Costa Rica this past year.
Often when someone gets sick its because they brushed their teeth with the sink water.  I suggest bringing 2 or more toothbrushes so that if (after a few drinks) accidentally rinse the toothbrush in the sink, just throw it away. sink water is bad.
Call your doctor and bring Ciproflaxin (Cipro).  It usually resolves the issue in 24-36 hours.  Bring plenty of Immodium.  Also very important is bring the powdered electrolytes, like EmergenC. to replace electrolytes and add to your water. 
Hopefully you will not have any issues.  Avoid raw vegetables if you want to be extra careful.  The kitchen are usually spotless and the cooks and servers wash their hands constantly.  Bring some of those little bottles of hand sanitizer and don't be afraid to give them to your guide after he takes a trip to the bushes or just keep them handy.  If someone in your group gets it, try to keep them away from the buffet line!


Checklist - Inside Your Flats Pack While on the Water


  • Small container of sunscreen
  • Simms Guide Gloves (for sun and gripping fish!)
  • 10, 12, 15, 20, 40, 60, 100 pound RIO Saltwater Fluorocarbon Tippet (approximate strengths)
  • 6 Saltwater Leaders for Bonefish, 10' - 16 lb. test
  • Quality Hemostats
  • GOOD Nippers
  • Small Pocket Knife
  • Saltwater Pliers (they need to be strong enough to cut a hook if necessary)
  • Lens cloth
  • Toilet paper (also used for constantly wiping saltwater off glasses)
  • Extra Sunglasses (Amber and Copper or Brown)
  • Small first aid kit, including Advil J
  • Tape for your stripping fingers (ESSENTIAL!)
  • Fly Box (keep extra flies back at the lodge)
  • Camera (waterproof much preferred)
  • Waterproof Camera Bag - I personally attach the Simms Dry Creek Waterproof Camera bag to the outside of my pack to make it super accessible for my guide
  • SPF Lip Balm
  • Snack bar (bring these with you to Christmas Island)
  • Bottle of water (available in all boat coolers right when you step off the boat)
  • 2 Tiny Zip Ties
  • Packable Rain Jacket
  • Super Glue (keep in your first aid kit)
  • Buff (on your face, but bring at least one extra on the trip)
  • Dry hand towel or rag from your room every day (used to wipe your hands before handling your camera or drying off it off after a big ol' fish splashes it!) This is a good tip, saltwater near the equator is super annoying


Your General Packing List for Christmas Island

There are some general overlaps in these two lists, so shoot the gap in the middle and do your best to fill this out. If I left something out and you forgot it, that's your faultOur job is to make sure that every angler joining a "Red's Trip" is well prepared, comfortable, and relaxed. Being overpacked can be as annoying as being underpacked so here is your general guideline.

*All the lodges will do laundry for you at least once or twice during the week for a fee, on our last trip $20 took care of you for the entire week!

  • EVERYTHING on the "Fishing List" there are some duplicates below
  • Sunscreen
  • (3) 16 lb. Bonefish Leaders
  • (3) 20 lb. Bonefish Leaders
  • Saltwater Flurocarbon Tippet - 12, 16, 20, 40, 80 pound tippet
  • Headlamp (there is often power outages at night, also nice for reading or beach walks after dark)
  • Insect Repellent
  • (2) Sets of Polarized Sunglasses (Amber and Copper or Brown to change out based on lighting)
  • Saltwater Flats Fishing Boots
  • Neoprene Socks
  • Poly Liner Socks (you cannot afford to get blisters)
  • Flip flops
  • 3 Fishing Shirts
  • 3 Fishing Pants
  • Pajamas, it will creep your room mate out if you sleep naked
  • 2 casual outfits
  • 2 Buffs for UV Protection over your face
  • Passport -leave photocopies in your checked bag, carry on, and at home with a loved one
  • Photocopies of your flight information in both your checked bag, and carry on
  • Camera, charge cords, and extra batteries if necessary
  • Packable Rain Jacket (also nice to wear to/from the airport if you are flying out of Seattle - like me)
  • Ear plugs (in case your bunkmate is sawing logs)
  • Tylenol PM (I have a tough time sleeping the first couple nights I am so excited!)
  • $1000 cash for gratuities, bar tab, misc.
  • Waterproof Backpack or Hippack for fishing
  • Toiletries and personal effects
  • Extra 12 Weight Fly Line
  • 8 Weight Rod/Reel and Tropical Floating Line
  • 10 Weight Rod/Reel and Tropical Floating Line
  • 12 Weight Rod/Reel and Tropical Floating Line (optional, but if you want to catch good sized GT's over 30 lbs. we really encourage a 12 weight)
  • Reading material
  • Booze or wine from Duty Free (not much available on Christmas Island!)
  • Extra Hat
  • Small roll of tape and few zip ties for unforeseen repairs
  • Pre-moistened lens cloths
  • 48+ Flies
  • Ipod or MP3 Player w/ docking station for music (someone needs to bring tunes for the evenings)


Flies for Fishing Christmas Island

There is probably no limit to the fly selection here. You will see other lists on the internet and I'm sure there is some sound advice and patterns there. This is the base list that my business partner and outfitter Steve Joyce and I came up with that will give you a strong base and prepare you for pretty much everything you encounter on Christmas Island with the exception of Milk Fish which require an algae or moss type fly.

Christmas Island Fly List

It makes the most sense for me to break this into two parts, because some anglers may already have some flies for Bonefish, or predator fish from past trips.



  1. Joe, Thanks for the great summary of the fishing opportunities and techniques for Christmas Island. I was on the 2013 trip and am definitely planning on going back. Your article brings back great memories and reinforces a lot of what I took away from my trip. Thanks again for putting all of this information down in one place! Congratulations on your fair chase big GT!
  2. Thanks Mike, you are on the list for 2015 and you don't even know it yet! I already planned on dragging you with us. We'll talk when you get back from your trip to Holbox.
  3. Hilarious that Watt beat me to the punch complimenting you on this article. Well written and lots of good information. 2015........hmmmmm
  4. I am going in late May sometime in 2015, still working on the dates!!!!
  5. Just got back and already dreaming of next year! Agree with all of your article. Great information. I will use it to prepare for my trip next year! And thanks for sharing some of your extra 15# tippet!!!!!
  6. Great article Joe! Just added another trip to my bucket list.
  7. Great wrap up to a great trip Joe! If you spoke to large game fish reels I missed it. I would counsel folks going for GT's or blue water fishing to spend some money and get a true saltwater game fish reel. A large spey reel may hold a lot of backing, but as I found when my guide told me to apply more drag and then shook his head when I couldn't, you need something that will stop a truck. 300 yards is a short swim for some of the monsters out's just a different game. A powerful drag that is simple and easy to maintain is a must. I plan on going back too, just need to see when. Thanks again Joe!
  8. Joe, Excellent article! I'm going in April 2015. One question I have about line management - why not use a stripping basket??? Thanks so much for the tips. Bruce
  9. I thought that was one of the best reports I've ever read. Complete, concise, professional, and extremely accurate. Anybody headed to Christmas Island would be be much better prepared for the experience after reading it.
  10. Bruce, I think anglers would be better suited using a stripping basket. Lefty vehemently advocates that in his book on Saltwater fly fishing! I just don't have any experience with one so I have no opinion. I think next year I will take one of the collapsible models. Joe
  11. Thanks! Great report, lots of good information that I will use when I go there in late Sept. Do you really need such sparse flies for the bonefish there? Six strands of crystal flash as wing and that's it.
  12. I want to thank Joe for the Blog on Christmas Island . I have been there 2 times and wish this blog had been available to read a couple of years ago. I know have it down pat but have wasted a lot of money and time getting there. Joe has hit it on the head, great article. How do I get a list and or pictures of flies he used. And do you have them for sale. Thanks again Eddie Chiles
  13. Good article. I'm headed back for my second trip. Here are a few tips I picked up in addition to the very useful recommendations in this article. Water supplement tablets to add flavor or convert it to gator-ade. Finger stripping sleeves it addition to your fingerless gloves to prevent sunburn on your finger tips. If it sticks out, it will get burned. Wasabi, pickled ginger, lemon and limes Anti-diarrheal tablets. I didn't find any biting insects, but a small spray bottle might come in handy at times. Plenty of small bills to share boatman fees, pay bar bill, etc. Be generous to your guide. It is their living, very affordable especially with regard to what you pay in the US, and will enhance your experience, especially if you want to catch fish or make return trips. Subscription to Global Rescue for your trip dates. I also carry two Epi Pens just in case. Ron Seale, Seattle
  14. Great read thank you. I am hosting a group up there in September. My advice to them comes from my experience at Aitutaki. Not the same but similar fishing. My advice sounds very much the same as yours but getting the finer points down will make for a better trip for us. Thanks again.
  15. Hello, Great article and full of do and don't tips well taken. I've fished the Keys, Belize, and the flats of Honolulu (lived there for a while and fished with friend Louie the Fish) Your point for rod choices and flies will be used. I do have a question? With all the new foreign rods being built (China) in exotic carbons / graphite, I couldn't help but grab a couple of fast action 10 wts and 8 wts in addition to some I already had like TFO and Reddington. Any actual experience using those? I will be in Christmas Island from 8 Sept 2015. Come join in. Rick
  16. A cautionary note, I flew to NZ via Narita and had both my 4 piece rods (Sage and Loomis) confiscated as the pieces were too long to carry in the airport. They would not let me check it. Just because you can carry something on here in Seattle does not mean it will pass in Japan. An expensive lesson. Great article, another trip to add to the bucket list.
  17. You have just cost me a fortune and I' ll love spending it!
  18. Very accurate suggestions. I fished there from Sept 8th and wanted to follow up with some comments and recommendations. First, make sure you pack your flies and hooks in checked baggage. Hong Kong Airport confiscated 8 boxes of flies from my carry on but missed the hooks packed in the same fortunately. I spent a day and a half in Honolulu tying new ones. It was a holiday and Nervous Waters was closed...Secondly, I found that most of the bone flies I tied on 8 and 10 size Japanese hooks were successful. I used very very sparse craft fur or Puglisi, using very small brass or black bead chain in Charlie and Gotcha patterns. These were my go-to flies in tan, cream, and light rust orange. I mainly fished the flats (Paris and others in the area). Third, make your rod tubes fit in your large checked bag. (this takes some modification) Consolidation is key, as you said. I packed my reels, lines and rigging along with a good assortment of materials and a small pack Renzetti vise in my carry on, without issues. (no sharp stuff!) Next trip plan is for August 2016. CXI is well worth the effort...
  19. Hi Joe, Great Report. Am taking another group back to Christmas this Febuary. Have sent your info on to all of my clients. Hope to see you at the sportsman shows this winter. Kelly Laatsch St.Mary Angler Fly Shop
  20. Joe, Great article - and part of the reason I love to drop by Reds whenever I'm in the canyon. Thanks for the fantastic overview and prep for a hopeful trip to CI soon....
  21. After several trips to CI I find the information in the blog to be right on. Regarding Fiji Airlines, their weight limit for carry on luggage is 15 pounds and the size requirement is smaller than major air carriers allow. Checked baggage is limited to 1 bag weighing not over 50 pounds. The charge for additional bags is $120 each.
  22. Hi Joe , For my first trip to CI, this article and the accompanying lists is a godsend. Well written ! Two Questions I have: 1. What's the purpose of of the proliferation of the Euro tm. symbols? 2. Does one need to take special soap for washing flies at the end of the day ? Thanks so much for this article, Jake
  23. Very comprehensive, lots of info. Experience of yours should be invaluable to a rookie going in 2017. Thanks for sharing.
  24. Thank you, this has really helped me prepare for my trip to CI. Super-super!!
  25. hi im azhar saya berminat untuk flyfishing di crismas island apakah bulan yang sesuai pada tahun 2018 untuk dapatkan GT , bone berapa hari memancing dan kos keseluruhan. harap dapat beri penjelasan.
  26. yeah..!! super I would like say your way of explanation amazing..please keep updating way. i will be wait next article.. Visit Here:
  27. Thanks for sharing.,..,.
  28. Please place me on your email list, thank you.
  29. Headed back to CXI for the Oct 31 / Nov 1, 2017 week. Let me know if any of you are also going to be there (at The Villages) during that week. I will update about Narita airport and other packing issues as I learn again this time. All the best R
  30. Hey Joe, I am heading back to Christmas Island again this year and very much appreciate this updated review. The one thing that I would add to the packing list is a pair of Stripee finger protectors( I have tried using tape to protect my stripping fingers in the past, but once you get a bad line burn it can really be hard to protect it. I was on a trip with one of the Reds Fly Shop founders, Tony Robbins, who lent me a pair of these that saved my trip. I always bring several pairs of these on all my saltwater trips. Keep up the great work, Mike
  31. Nice Blog ! Try Fishing near Estes park here :
  32. Hey Joe Thank you for a great article. Can you tell a little about the knots that you use for GT's. Thank again. Kim
  33. Just got got from a hosted trip to the Villages with Reds and Eric Dalzell. Great trip, very well run, fishing is amazing. The logistics are easy, just fly to Honolulu and hop on a plan to paradise. Now you get to turn your brain off as everything from there on out is taken care of. Do yourself a favor and go!